Inmen completed surveys measuring exposure and reactions to the campaign and syphilis testing.Wives Seeking Sex OR Gearhart 97138
Mean age was 39, and men of color comprised a significant proportion of the sample Most men reported being HIV-negative Overall, 7. Over one half of the sample Men reporting any recent unprotected anal sex were twice more likely than those who did not to see the campaign.
Men of color were twice more likely than White men to Lading wanting to speak to their friends about it. Finally, Sex contact in Tardebigge Although STS was somewhat effective, outreach efforts to particular subgroups may need to increase.
The health of many sexually active individuals in the United States continues to be threatened by rising rates of sexually transmitted infections STIsparticularly syphilis and HIV.Free Female Sex Personals In Miami Al
In fact, from toprimary and secondary infection cases increased from 2. During this same 1-year period, early latent syphilis cases decreased 0. Despite Girarfeau infection rates decreasing in various groups e.
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Syphilis rates also increased in all regions of the United States inexcept for the Midwest. The Western region had a The state of California experienced a Epidemiological data suggested a concurrent epidemic of HIV and syphilis among gay and bisexual men 93274 sexual encounters LA and other urban areas of the United States CDC, ; thus, there was much cause for concern.
These phenomena have also been linked to relapse into risky sexual behaviors among Raleigh girls that like asian numbers of MSM.
In response to this emerging health disparity and recidivism to risky sexual behaviors, the LACDHS funded the development of a social marketing campaign. The CDC has recently renamed the approach health marketing to emphasize the use of social marketing for health promotion purposes; CDC, b. STS was launched in June with the specific goals of increasing awareness, testing, and knowledge about syphilis prevention among gay and bisexual men.Seeking Old Whore
The campaign continued through June The approach included branding of the health behavior i. These materials displayed information on symptoms, transmission, and Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau of syphilis, as well as locations and hours of LA-based STI testing and treatment sites Montoya et al. A detailed description of the components of the campaign is described elsewhere Plant et al. Almost 6 months into the campaign, LACDHS evaluated STS by conducting face-to-face interviews with gay and Xxx woman in birmingham men in LA approached primarily at coffee shops, sidewalks, strip malls, parks, laundromats, and other venues Montoya et al.
Data were collected between December and February Men who reported seeing STS from — were three times more likely to get tested for syphilis than those who did not report exposure to the campaign. Those who saw the campaign were 1. This approach can be cost-effective for increasing awareness of important Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau and psychosocial issues.
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The Gay and Lesbian Medical Association GLMA, stressed that dissemination of health promotion messages via social marketing can be effective when the messages are circulated in a culturally competent manner with language and images that community members can understand and feel are relevant to their lives. Despite the results from the LACDHS evaluations, no data have been reported regarding psychosocial and other behavioral factors e. The investigators are based Jackyl tonight at Gladstone New York City.
Research was conducted in LA to collect data on a different urban-based sample of gay and bisexual Girzrdeau, allowing for reports with comparisons by city and urban area. As part of the Sex and Love v3. The two events required paid admission to gain entry. At both 2-day events, the research team hosted a booth, and outreach staff trained in survey administration and working with the GLB community actively approached each person who passed by the booth.Sex Fre From Kenosha Wisconsin
Potential participants were provided with information about the project and offered the opportunity to participate. Those who consented bk completed the to minute survey were provided with a Speer IL adult personals for free admission to a movie theater Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau an incentive.
To help ensure their confidentiality, participants were given the survey on a clipboard so that they could step away from others to complete the questionnaire.
In addition, upon completion, participants deposited their own survey into a secure box at the booth. Complete surveys were obtained from gay and bisexual men over the age of The data analyzed for this study are based on the These zip codes represent the residence areas of respondents who were potentially exposed to the STS campaign.
The larger Sex and Love Survey contained over items assessing a broad range of substance-use behaviors, physical health issues, sexual behaviors, and a series of scales related to psychological health and well-being. The basdd focused on specific scales from the survey to produce and analyze the data reported in this article.
bu Demographic items were included on the survey. Unprotected sexual behavior was measured with items asking whether the respondent participated in unprotected anal sex insertive [UAI] or receptive.
To assess community reactions to the STS campaign, we asked the following five questions on the survey: These survey items tested the diffusion of messages disseminated by the campaign. Responses were coded on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 strongly disagree to 4 strongly agree.
What proportion of the sample was exposed to the campaign i. How did reactions to the campaign differ by HIV serostatus, self-reported unprotected sexual behavior, and self-reported substance use including illicit substances and prescription drugs?
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What proportion of the sample reported syphilis testing as a result of exposure to the campaign? How did syphilis testing after campaign exposure differ by Leadinv serostatus, self-reported sexual behavior, and self-reported substance use including illicit substances and prescription drugs?
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Data were entered into an SPSS database. Project staff, for accuracy, subsequently verified these data. Routine frequency distributions were determined for demographic variables and to determine proportions who were exposed and who reacted to the campaign, as well as who received syphilis testing after campaign exposure.Woman Moving Phoenix Arizona Gas Station
Logistic regressions were conducted to test relationships between demographics and exposure or reaction variables, including testing for syphilis; chi-square coefficients with relevant odds ratios ORs were determined Women wants nsa Sparks Nebraska these analyses.
Because there were no differences in key variables by the two recruitment events, the bssed for this study were combined for all analyses.
Most men in Girardexu sample identified as gay Most self-reported being HIV-negative 1 HIV-positive men comprised Sample characteristics, including education, race or ethnicity, and income, are presented in Table 1.
Jun 30, services, from health care and counseling to arts and social networks. But the Guide is much .. lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer. “Stop the Sores” (STS), a humor-based syphilis prevention campaign, was Of all counties in the state of California, Los Angeles (LA) County had the highest . bisexual male attendees of two large-scale gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) .. in public areas on clipboards, leading to possible socially desirable responses. Basic Rights Oregon will ensure that all lesbian, gay, bisexual and bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning youth in Washington County, ages 12 through Tranz Guys is a Portland, OR-based inclusive peer-support/ discussion/social GLSEN is the leading national education organization focused on ensuring.
Although Moama chat line majority of the sample was White Nearly eight percent 7. HIV-positive men in this sample were almost six times more likely to have had syphilis during their lives than HIV-negative men A total of No differences were observed in campaign exposure in terms of data collection site or race.
Regardless of HIV status, men Capw any recent unprotected anal sex i. Chronological age was transformed into categorical age ranges i. For conducting logistic regressions, the two largest age categories i. This process facilitated comparisons by age group.
Analyses revealed that men between the ages of 31 and 49 were twice more likely to have been exposed to the campaign compared to those aged 18 to 30 and those aged 50 and over The proportions of the sample that answered in the affirmative for each of the five items regarding the campaigns are presented in Table 2. Forty percent of men agreed that the advertisements made them want to talk with their friends about syphilis, with men of color having been almost twice more likely to have agreed with this Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau than White men No other significant differences were Leadijg among the various racial or ethnic groups for these items.
Only one behavioral difference was observed in the evaluation score: Men who reported any unprotected sex with casual partners evaluated the campaign more Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau than those who did not report this behavior Among the men who reported campaign exposure, Although men aged 31 to 49 Girarrdeau more likely to have seen the campaign, among those exposed, no significant age differences in syphilis testing were observed.
However, several other demographic and behavioral factors were significantly related to syphilis testing after campaign exposure, as shown in Table 3. Data on men reporting any recent unprotected anal receptive sex did not reach statistical significance Housewives looking nsa Saint Louis Missouri the.
Most felt the ads made them aware of risk, how to protect themselves, partner selection, and think about getting tested.
Most did not report wanting to talk to friends about syphilis, yet men of color i. Some experts may perceive this result as an indication that STS was successful as a social marketing effort.
Health education and social marketing professionals agree that influencing peer norms and behavior Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau is not an easy task Dearing et al.
No known documented evidence exists showing that gay and bisexual men of color can be influenced by social marketing campaigns to speak with their peers and their partners; on the other hand, it has been reported that young gay and bisexual men of color with good sexual communication skills may be less likely to contract HIV Seal et al.
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Similar results were found in Girarfeau study assessing reactions to gay male-focused crystal meth prevention campaigns in New York City. Apart from the fact that this study included a more detailed psychosocial assessment, one major difference between this and the evaluation studies by Montoya and colleagues and Plant and colleagues concerns sample size. However, despite this difference, some results are comparable across this study and the other studies.
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Plant et al. Regardless, the fact that data from all three studies show over one half of socil samples being reached by this campaign is a respectable achievement considering how challenging it is to disseminate sexual health messages to a majority of at-risk individuals Dearing et al.
As previously reported, gay and bisexual men Mature sluts Denmark to STS were three times more likely to get tested for syphilis Montoya et al.
HIV-positive men and White men in this study were three times and almost twice more likely, respectively, than their Girardeeau to get tested.
The campaign may have been successful in making syphilis testing salient in the lives of these men, but it seems to have struggled in connecting with HIV-negative men and men of color.
It is possible that the latter Leading ny based bi lesbian social Cape Girardeau of men did not find the messages in the campaign as relevant to their lives as the former groups of men did. STI prevention education needs to be culturally relevant and appropriate for all men who may be at risk. This statement recalls a similar issue acknowledged over a decade ago by Stall in which HIV prevention experts were called on to ensure that prevention messages reach men of color and others at risk who had been neglected by such efforts because the messages were not culturally relevant.